In the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries, the Safavid Empire began to disintegrate. After the conquest a division of powers was agreed between the new Afghan Shahs and the Shi'a ulama. This was surprising, since the Safavids owed their origins to a Sufi order and to a form of Shi'ism that they now banned. Members of the Safavid Dynasty likely were of Kurdish Persian descent and belonged to a unique order of Sufi -infused Shi'a Islam called Safaviyya. Finally, after fighting on the side of Germany in World War I and suffering defeat, the empire was dismantled by treaty and came to an end in 1922, when the … In the tenth and eleventh centuries, the Buwayhids, who were of Zeydi a branch of Shi'ism ruled in Fars, Isfahan, and Baghdad. Much of the early art was devoted to celebrating the glories of the earlier Iranian kingdom, and thus, by implication, making legitimate the Safavids as that kingdom's current heirs. Internal and External Factors Ushering the Decline of the Ottoman and Safavid Empires The Safavid Empire lost control as the country was overrun by Afghan tribes, according to Black (236). They appointed an official (the Sadr) to co-ordinate this elite - and ensure that it did what the Shah wanted. However by this period the Empire was disintegrating, and for the next two centuries it lay in decay. Their patronage, which included opening royal workshops for artists, created a favourable climate for the development of art. "There is this narrative of decline, a narrative of stasis strongly present in people's understanding - both Muslim and non-Muslim, Middle Eastern, westerner - of the Muslim world on the eve of colonialism. Over the following centuries the brotherhood became stronger, by attracting local warlords and by political marriages. According to Matthee, this stands in direct contrast to the Safavids, whose treatment of minorities was an important part of their success. But the legacy lives on in the state that exists today and also in the culture of the Safavids - literature, architecture, art and poetry, seen particularly in Isfahan, a capital of the empire for a period. Because Shi'ism was now a state religion, with major educational establishments devoted to it, its philosophy and theology developed greatly during the Safavid Empire. If you want to run an empire, there is a toolkit. The Decline and Fall of the Safavid Empire is at NYUAD on September 14 from 6.30pm to 8pm and is open to the public. At one point, the empire stretched from the Caucasus to Afghanistan and the Safavids were one of the "gunpowder" empires, along with the Mughals and Ottomans. The Afghan Shahs controlled the state and foreign policy, and could levy taxes and make secular laws. Today we call it Iran. They effectively give up war and an army that does that gets rusty. Nadir Shah was so cruel that one of his own troops assassinated him. Ali was also venerated. Islam Project, Shah, The Empire Of The Safavid Empire 1427 Words | 6 Pages. He was the founder of the Safavid Empire. You don't chop off heads, you bring people in, you invite them to convert. By terminating the wars with the Ottomans, Qaṣr-e Širin also put an end to the most imminent threat to Persia’s survival, thus further contributing to the decline of the Safavid army. The years between the victory at Panipat and Babur’s death in 1530 were marked by con… At this point the Safavids were no longer militarily capable and that led to the collapse of the state. It's a diverse land and they are oppressing their fringes and, in some way, are running the same risk," he says. It is still possible to find history books that give a very precise answer to this question. "The hardening of religious sentiment towards the end did come at the expense of minorities and more importantly, Sunnis. Safavid Empire Made by: Megan Powell, Vicky Rodriguez, Keely Hoppmeyer, and Brennen Powell Safavid vs Other Empires Social: The Safavids gave women more rights while the Ottomans tried to remain more traditional Mughals began to take away women's freedoms such a making them veil ... older notions of the Safavid fall. Read more. The Safavids ruled from 1501 to 1722 and, at their height, they controlled all of what is now Iran, Azerbaijan Republic, Bahrain, Armenia, eastern Georgia, parts of the North Caucasus, Iraq, Kuwait, and Afghanistan, as well as parts of Turkey, Syria, Pakistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. The Period of the Gunpowder Empires also known as the Era of the Islamic Gunpowders refers to the epoch of the Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal empires from the 16th century to the 18th century. The Sunni ulama (a religious council of wise men) either left or were killed. "The Safavids were significant because they declared Shia as the state religion, which endures to this day. Over the past months, the extremist group ISIL has rampaged through parts of Iraq and Syria, expelling minorities and often killing them.