Notes: The name “yellow birch” reflects the color of the tree’s bark. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis), also called silver birch and swamp birch, is one of 50 species of birch found around the world. The name Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced. [28] They also make use of Betula alleghaniensis var. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch,[2] golden birch,[3] or swamp birch,[4] is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America. 30 m (99 ft) high. Leaves are simple and alternate, with an ovate shape.Each leaf is 3 to 5 inches long, with a doubly-toothed margin.Fall color is yellow. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. The yellow birch, or swamp birch, is identified by its silver-yellow smooth bark. What you are smelling is oil of wintergreen (methyl salicylate). The standard office door in the US is a veneer of yellow birch (ca. [3] Due to the thin bark of the tree yellow bellied sapsuckers feed on this tree by drilling holes in the tree and collecting the sap. [2], The yellow birch was first described by François André Michaux in 1812 as Betula lutea. Yellow birch is named for its characteristic shiny-golden, peeling bark. To differentiate the two, the range, buds, or bark must be examined. Bark House® Gold Birch Wall Coverings are monolithic panels hand crafted with the bark of yellow birch trees (Betula alleghaniensis). Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. [8][10][22] Most wood sold as birch in North America is from this tree. They often appear in pairs, but these pairs are really borne on spur-like, two-leaved, lateral branchlets. [24], Yellow birch is often associated with eastern hemlock throughout its range due to their similar preferences in habitat. [25], It is listed as endangered in Illinois. When the sap is boiled down, the wintergreen evaporates and leaves a syrup not unlike maple syrup. [27], Yellow birch is considered the most important species of birch for lumber and is the most important hardwood lumber tree in eastern Canada; as such, the wood of Betula alleghaniensis is extensively used for flooring, furniture, doors, veneer, cabinetry, gun stocks and toothpicks. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The bark of yellow birch is unique. [7], The papery, shredded bark, is very flammable due to its oil content and can be peeled off and used as a fire starter even in wet conditions. It is a medium-sized, typically single stemmed, deciduous tree reaching 60–80 feet (18–24 m) tall (exceptionally to 100 ft (30 m))[2][6] with a trunk typically 2–3 ft (0.61–0.91 m) in diameter, making it the largest North American species of birch. French name: Bouleau jaune Synonym(s): Swamp birch Taxonomic Serial Number: 19481 509506 [syn. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) is also known as gray birch, silver birch, and swamp birch; a medium to large deciduous tree that grows 60 to 80 feet (maximum 100 feet) with a trunk diameter of 2 to 4 feet.Yellow birch is one of the largest of the eastern hardwoods. The Yellow Birch is a stately large tree with dramatic coloring. 4.5 out of 5 stars (161) 161 reviews $ 20.35 FREE shipping Add to Favorites Yellow Birch Tubes, 7 golden brown tubes, various lengths, but approximately two inches diameter Statcommander. Before leaves appear i… The thin, water-impervious bark provided roofing, canoes, and shoes for North American Indians and early settlers. G. G. Erdmann. It is a widely ranging Midwest and Eastern tree with a range that extends north to Newfoundland where it grows best in moist environments. 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